Microsoft KMS Clients – Activating on non-domain / standalone servers / PCs / machines

Microsoft KMS (Key Management Service) is the mechanism used to activate Windows licenses in the larger corporate sites. 

Unlike regular activation, KMS uses a centralized corporate-provided KMS Server (instead of going to Microsoft) to perform activations of Windows and Office licenses.

How does a KMS client (Windows or Office) locate the local KMS server?

It uses DNS records.

Note: In order for a standalone / non-domain / non-domain-joined KMS client to successfully look up a KMS server, it must be configured to use a “Primary DNS Suffix” (and a “DNS Suffix Search List” and a DNS record of type: SRV and name: “_vlmcs._tcp” must exist in the search domains. 

Note: If a Primary Dns Suffix is not set for the KMS client PC, the activation mechanism will not even send out a request to the DNS server, and will instead display an error of type 0x8007007B. 

 

To check that a DNS Suffix is defined:

  1. open a CMD prompt
  2. type: ipconfig /all | find /i “Suffix”
  3. the DNS suffixes (primary and search) should be displayed

 

To check that the proper DNS record for KMS Server Auto-Discovery exists:

  1. open a CMD prompt
  2. type: nslookup -type=SRV _vlmcs._tcp
  3. If a DNS record is found, it should be displayed
  4. Remember: the client must have a Primary DNS suffix configured for this to work

 For a more fully-featured explanation, here is another blog entry that contains more detail:

http://blog.viitaila.fi/2014/01/03/standalone-computer-unable-to-find-kms-srv-record-in-dns-0x8007007b/

 

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